|Portraits of Soraya and Adnan Khashoggi|
The time is early February 1974. I am at work in Monday Morning, the nonpolitical English-language weekly magazine I founded and started publishing in Beirut 18 months earlier. The tabloid-size periodical is thriving and its offices in the Wadi’ Beshara Building on Rue Maamari, just off Hamra, is a magnet for reporters, writers and photojournalists.
My receptionist Huda Asmar, who comes from Damour, walks in one day and says a foreign female photographer wants to show you her portfolio.
Enter a stunning doe-eyed woman with plenty of je ne sais quoi whom the late Norman Parkinson at one time described as “the most naturally beautiful woman I have ever photographed.” She introduces herself by her first name, Soraya, and shows me an impressive sample of her photographs and color slides for sale.
I ask if I could keep some on consignment and whether she would accept occasional freelance assignments. She answers yes to both questions, gives me a telephone number to reach her and takes leave.
Within the week, I ask Huda to ring Soraya and request photos to illustrate a feature on around 30 food-and-drink establishments in Beirut that a reporter has already evaluated.
Next morning, a man delivers an envelope from Soraya containing not contact prints for the feature, but some 60 black and white photographs. They were all taken and developed overnight.
I am deeply impressed.
The lady photographer with the dazzling looks passes by my office hours later to say she will shortly be flying to Cairo, where she can do some work for the magazine.
Within days, she sends me a message on the teleprinter of Egypt’s official Middle East News Agency (MENA). She asks if Monday Morning would be interested in an exclusive interview with Ali Amin.
|Soraya interviewing Ali Amin at al-Ahram in Cairo|
The press baron had just been named editor-in-chief of the authoritative daily al-Ahram, replacing the deposed monarch of the Arab press, Mohamed Hassanein Heikal.
Ali Amin was stepping into Heikal's shoes after nine years of self-exile following the release from jail of his twin brother Mustafa on President Anwar Sadat’s orders.
I quickly wire Soraya my go-ahead for the interview.
Inside 48 hours, I receive six photographs and a transcribed text of the taped interview – signed “Soraya Khashoggi” – again, courtesy of MENA in Beirut.
When I show the text and pictures to my co-editor Imad Shehadeh, he looks at me and asks, “Which Soraya Khashoggi? Do you know her?”
-- “I know Soraya. I don’t know her surname.”
-- “Strange, because the wife of Adnan Khashoggi is called Soraya. Can it be her?”
-- “No idea, but who’s Adnan Khashoggi anyway?”
Imad briefs me on the man in a few sentences and we agree on a byline: “Text and Photographs by Monday Morning’s Special Correspondent Soraya Khashoggi.”
With Soraya away in Cairo and the “Khashoggi” riddle still unsolved, we decide to make the four-page interview with Ali Amin the cover story of the 25 February 1974 edition.
Key questions and answers from the interview:
Soraya: What’s your opinion of the new freedom allowed in the Egyptian press? Did you have any part in this new policy?
Ali Amin: No. I did not have any part in it. But to say Anwar Sadat gave us back the freedom of the press is the wrong way of putting it. I do not accept the idea that the ruler gives freedom to us. We took back our freedom, of course with the approval of the President – and we feel that this is good for us, the people, and also better for the President himself. Before this, al-Ahram was a newspaper in which the ruler said what he wanted to his people; now it is the other way round – it is a newspaper through which the people will say what they want to their ruler. I feel strongly that had we had the freedom of press, we would never have had the defeat of June 5 (1967)…
S.: What, in your view, has the reaction of the people been since you took over as editor in chief?
A.A.: Well, the circulation of the newspaper is the real mirror, and the circulation has increased.
S.: How much?
A.A.: I think it has increased about 70,000 in our weekly issue and by 20,000 to 25,000 in our daily issue…
S.: How do you feel being back in Egypt after so many years (in self-exile)? Did you ever feel that would never happen?
A.A.: No. I always believed this would happen. I always knew the day would follow the night -- and it was a long, long night. I always believed the sun would rise again, and it did.
S.: Did you ever fear that you would never again see your twin brother Mustafa, who spent so many years in prison, alive?
A.A.: No. I always knew I would see him. I was never afraid of that.
S.: What is your opinion of the forthcoming Islamic Summit? (The summit started in Pakistan two days after the interview was conducted.)
A.A.: The Islamic conference will show the unity of the Islamic countries, but I want to tell you something: We Egyptians are many Muslims and many Christians. In the (1973) October War the only General who died was a Christian, Gen. Shafik Mitri Serdak. And there were two Marshals who fought in the battle and crossed the Suez Canal; one of them is a Christian.
…I want to tell you that when I was a boy, I witnessed the 1919 Revolution, and one of the greatest successes of this Revolution against the British was that its leader Saad Zaghloul – my great-uncle -- united the Moslems and the Christians, and for the first time in our history, we fought together…
S.: What did you do in all the (nine) years you spent outside Egypt?
A.A.: I wrote. I wrote a column in (Beirut’s daily) al-Anwar. I wrote many articles for other papers, I followed all the Egyptian and Arab press and I worked in the (Lebanese) As-Sayyad publishing house.
S.: You chose England to spend most of your exile in, why?
A.A.: Because I spent all my youth in England and studied five years in Sheffield University.
The first question I ask Soraya on her return to Beirut from Cairo is: Now that you have identified yourself as Soraya Khashoggi, are you related to Adnan Khashoggi? Is he your husband by any chance?”
“Yes he is,” she answers with a disarming smile, “and we are the proud parents of five children: Nabila, Mohamed, Khaled, Hussein and Omar. Do you want to meet Adnan by any chance -- or interview him?”
-- “I do, of course.”
-- “Adnan and I will travel this week and I could interview Sudanese President Gaafar Nimeiry at one point during our trip. Are you interested?”
“Indeed I am!”
The interview with Nimeiry -- titled “Sudan will be garden of the world” -- appears as a cover story under Soraya’s full name in April 1974. Among the subtitles:
-- “The national-unity problems of Sudan and Lebanon are similar: they are artificial”
-- “We will be one of the world’s four major food suppliers before the year 2000”
-- “We have some promise of future oil and gas discoveries”
In mid-May 1974, Soraya sets up my appointment to interview her husband, who is said to be the richest man in the world. He receives me warmly and courteously at his luxurious offices in the Gefinor building in Ras Beirut on a day sandwiched between two of his business trips.
|I interviewed Adnan at his HQ in Beirut's Gefinor|
I ask him how he managed to build up one small Saudi company into a business colossus that is wrapping its arms around the globe.
“My success? I was lucky enough to be in the right place at the right time,” he tells me before expounding on his Triad Holding Company.
He describes it as a multinational mammoth chiefly engaged in (1) commercial and investment banking and venture capital (2) industrial and commercial development, and (3) worldwide trade – with operating companies in Indonesia, Brazil, the United States, Europe and the Middle East.
The name springs from the involvement in Adnan’s giant business enterprise of his two brothers, Adel and Issam.
“Q.: There have been rumors in the media about your involvement in arms deals. Would you care to comment on them?
“A.: We don’t deal in arms. I certainly don’t have a shop that sells guns and bombs. Our marketing company does represent large American and European industries that manufacture both civilian and military equipment. One example is Lockheed, which builds the Tri-Star, a commercial plane, and the F104, which is a fighter. We market both products, and our customers for this kind of equipment are usually governments or airlines.”
The interview with the courteous Adnan, which Soraya did not attend, makes the cover story of the May 20, 1974 edition of my magazine.
With the buildup towards Lebanon’s civil war quickening, Soraya rings me shortly after to say she was moving with the children out of Beirut for safety reasons but will stay in touch.
|Shirley Bassey (Photo from Wikipedia)|
Indeed she did stay in touch by telephone and even sent me an interview for Monday Morning with Shirley Bassey. “The greatest singer in the world today” talks in it about Um Kulthoum, Lebanese audiences, her career, her personality, her fans and her future. The interview appeared February 10, 1975.
It was the last time I heard from either Soraya or Adnan save for one telephone conversation later in the month. They are at Beirut airport, probably waiting for to refueling of their private plane. Soraya asks me about the political tension gripping the country. When I start moaning about the difficulty of publishing an apolitical magazine in a politicized atmosphere, she tells me, “Wait, Adnan wants to have a word.”
Adnan comes on the line and says, “Hi, I overheard Soraya mention ‘problem’ -- what problem are you facing?”
I say turning the magazine political is vital for its survival in this politically charged atmosphere. The exclusiveness that governs issuing political licenses to Lebanese newspapers and magazines (allowing them to cover politics) means I have to buy an existing political publishing license.
Adnan: “Why don’t you do that?”
-- “I can do that. But to put the newly acquired political publishing license to use, I first need to join the Lebanese Publishers’ Union, which is a protracted procedure. Alternatively, I need to set up a shareholding company with a minimum capital of half-a-million Lebanese liras.”
Adnan: “Okay, go the shorter route. Don’t worry about raising the capital. I’ll fund it in full...”
|Soraya's June 1999 write-up for The Mail on Sunday|
A few weeks after our conversation, I choose to take the longer route. I buy an existing political publishing license -- weekly ash-Shiraa -- from Monsignor Antoine Cortbawi, join the Lebanese Publishers’ Union as sole owner of a political publishing license and turn Monday Morning socio-political starting May 1975. (See my post “The cost of gagging Beirut -- Part IV”)
I must say here, at least for the record, that Soraya never accepted a penny for any work she did for me, nor did I ever take up Adnan’s unqualified and openhanded funding offer.
I was saddened by their divorce but have had no contact with either over the past 35 years.
|Jonathan and Petrina|
And I was bemused on June 20,1999 when I read “Byline: SORAYA KHASHOGGI” on an article in The Mail on Sunday (London). In it, Soraya recounts her extraordinary love affair with Jonathan Aitken, the former Cabinet Minister and the father or her daughter Petrina.
Soraya writes in her opening paragraphs:
“I FIRST met Jonathan Aitken when Harpers magazine sent me to photograph him for an article.
“He was working in his rooms in Holland Park and he laughed when the photographer sent to take his picture turned up in a blue Rolls-Royce convertible.
“I was living in both London and Saudi Arabia at the time and a few weeks later in Beirut, Fawaz Najia, my editor on Monday Morning - an English-language Lebanese magazine that I worked for first as a photographer then as a writer/photographer - asked me to interview an English Tory MP on his way to the Gulf who was in town for the night. It turned out to be Jonathan…”